Tiwanaku e cidade de La Paz

Passeio urbano, visita a sítios arqueológicos, gastronomia local

História andina de 1 a 4 dias

DÍA 1: LA PAZ - TIWANAKU - LA PAZ

Às 08:00 apanha do seu hotel para começarmos viagem e atravessarmos o vasto planalto andino conhecido localmente como “Altiplano”, vislumbrando a paisagem caracterizada por lavouras nativas e casinhas construídas de tijolos de barro (os “adobes”). Nosso destino é o povoado de Tiwanaku, onde se encontra o complexo arqueológico mais importante do país.

Para começarmos nosso contato com aquela extraordinária cultura, visitaremos o museu local para ter uma introdução à herança de Tiwanaku.
Em seguida iniciamos nossa viagem no tempo, mergulhando 3.500 anos ao passado, visitando o sítio arqueológico que tem como principal atração a “Puerta del Sol”, uma das peças arqueológicas mais importantes do continente, consistente de um imponente portal entalhado numa única peça de rocha.

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Também visitaremos as enigmáticas ruínas de grande riqueza arquitetônica e iconográfica desta cultura pré-inca, o Templo de Kalasasaya, o qual se acredita foi una plataforma de rituais construída usando enormes blocos de pedra de arenito vermelho, o Templo Semi-subterrâneo e a Pirâmide de Akapana, que fazem deste local um dos principais pontos de interesse turístico da Bolívia.

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Depois do almoço retornamos à cidade de La Paz. Nos deslocamos à El Alto no Teleferico. Depois visitamos a Praça Murillo, onde se encontram o Parlamento, o Palácio de Governo e a Catedral, e em seguida visitamos um museu na Calle Jaén, rua charmosa e pequena cheia de detalhes históricos que reflete o passado colonial da cidade. Continuamos o tour visitando o exterior da Basílica de São Francisco, templo religioso mais representativo do estilo barroco – mestiço na Bolívia. Encerrando o passeio, realizamos a visita à “Calle de las Brujas” (Rua das Bruxas), onde se apreciam artesanato e objetos de culto para rituais andinos de oferenda à “Pachamama” (Mãe Terra).

Retorno ao hotel.

Atividades opcionais:

  • Cerimônia de oferenda à "Pachamama" ou Mãe Terra, liderada por um Yatiri (sábio aymara).

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INCLUDED:

  • Transporte privativo
  • Serviço de guia bilíngue
  • Alimentação
  • Ingressos

NOT INCLUDED:

  • Despesas extras
THE HISTORY OF TIWANAKU, 4 DAYS - 3 NIGHTS PROGRAM

DAY 1: Visit to La Paz city, where we will learn about the influence of the Tiwanaku culture in our city.

DAY 2: Departure by private transportation from La Paz, to visit Pariti Island, which is located in the Minor Lake of Titicaca, after a boat trip we will arrive at Pariti to visit its local museum, where one of the most famous and beautiful pieces of Tiahuanacota sculpture is located: The Lord of the Ducks (El Señor de los Patos). We will return by boat to the town of Huatajata, where we will enjoy a delicious fresh trout for lunch. We will continue our trip to Copacabana to spend the night in the town.



DAY 3: Travel through Lake Titicaca to visit the Island of the Sun and the Island of the Moon, you will visit the Inca archaeological sites of the Islands and the influence of Tiwanaku on this empire. Overnight on Isla del Sol.


DAY 4: In the morning we will return by boat to Copacabana and then head towards the town of Tiwanaku. We will visit the archaeological site and continue towards La Paz. Night in La Paz.


Transfer from Tiwanaku to Desaguadero (40 minutes), where the Bolivian-Peruvian border is located, our guide will provide assistance to complete the immigration process and then embark on the Peruvian mobility to continue to the city of Puno (Peru), it is 3 hours trip to Puno.
From Puno you can do activities to experience the culture and natural beauty of Lake Titicaca, such as:

  • Visits to the Islands of Uros, Amantani and Taquile
  • Visit to the Chullpas of Sillustani
  • Or simply rest in the beautiful hotels and lodges around the Lake, relaxing and contemplating the peace of mystical Titicaca
From Puno you can also continue your trip to the city of Cusco, from the Puno Bus Terminal it is possible to board one of the buses with daily departure, the approximate travel time is 7 hours.


In the middle of the 19th century, the port of Guaqui became the most important port in Bolivia, and it also had a railway connection to the Bolivian highlands and different cities in Peru.

Today it has the service of a ship that takes trips around Lake Titicaca and a railway museum, with machinery from the time.



The Guaqui Festival

Every year for three days (July 23 to 25), the population of Guaqui receives thousands of visitors and believers who pay their devotion to the miracle “Tata Santiago”, named after the devotees who arrive from different parts of the country and abroad. They express their religious joy with demonstrations of joy and music.

The only dance that is offered to him is the “Morenada”, according to believers the Patron Saint does not accept other dances, because the last time a group chose to introduce a different rhythm, Guaqui was flooded by the waters of Lake Titicaca, some warn settlers. The celebrations take place in the town and are attended by community members and those arriving from cities in the interior of the country.

Taraco, Cradle of the Morenada

The town of Taraco is considered the birthplace of the “Morenada”, since according to the stories and some documents preserved by the residents, this famous dance of national folklore had its origin in this region.

“Morenada” is a dance that expresses the deepest cultural manifestations of the Andean people, synthesizing their customs, traditions, social organization, the designs of the multicolored clothing and the figures were combined with the visions of the colonizers.

Taraco Museum

It is located near the main square, it was inaugurated in September 1998, it contains archaeological remains found at the Iwawi site, located in the southern part of the Taraco peninsula. Recent research shows that lithic material was part of a port where stone blocks from quarries in Lake Titicaca were unloaded.

The museum allows the visitor to easily understand the evolution of the cultures that inhabited this region. It protects remains of the Chiiripa culture and the Tiwanaku culture.



Taraco Church

The construction of this temple is closely linked to Tiwanaku because the granite stones used for its walls were extracted from this ceremonial site.

If you look closely, the iconography in high or low relief still stands out in its stones, in addition to the traces of metal inlays.

Chiripa 

The archaeological site of Chiripa is a ceremonial site located in the municipality of Taraco. From the place you have a wide view of the shores of Lake Titicaca. It contains the oldest features with which the mathematical knowledge and architecture of the Andean world were formed. It is part of the formative period of the region. When the towns were dispersed and disorganized, they began to group together into communities, demonstrating the need to incorporate technologies to master the production of ceramics and metallurgy.

This stage also represented a fundamental milestone in the interaction with other communities, since Chiripa began commercial exchange through the barter of agricultural products. This site is made up of an artificial mound 50 to 60 meters in diameter by six meters high, where an enclosure with several rectangular rooms is built, arranged around a semi-subterranean temple. In its surroundings there are some monoliths with zoomorphic representations that were part of the ceremonial architecture of the site.

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