amboro samaipata        
         

Management Category: National Park and Integrated Management Natural Area

 

Extent: It has an area of 442,500 ha.

 

Location: Located in the sub-Andean belt of the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes, in the "Elbow of the Andes". It covers four provinces in the department of Santa Cruz, in municipioes of El Torno, Porongo, Samaipata, Mairana and Pampa Grande, Comarapa, Buena Vista, San Carlos and Yapacaní.

 

Biogeographic subregions, altitudinal and weather: The area is located in the "Elbow of the Andes" or sub-Andean region of Santa Cruz Department, where the range changes course southwards. The region is typically mountainous with steep slopes and whips level differences. The altitudinal range varies between 3,300 and 300 meters and the climate is temperate in the highlands and warm in the lower zones.

 

Vegetation and flora: In the Amboró Park are registered 2659 species of higher plants, but it is estimated that there are more than 3,500. Among the species of flora can be mentioned: the limachu (Myrsine coriacea), the khellu kheluu (Bocona frutescens), the cebillo (Myrica pubescens), the bibosi (Ficus sp.), The grape amabaiba (Pourouma sp.), The pacay (Inga velutina), the guitar (Didymopanax morototoni), red clover (Palicourea bryophila), mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), the mountain pine (Podocarpus sp.), walnut (Juglans Bolivia), the cannelloni (Aniba coto) . It is of great significance for the presence of extensive patches of giant tree ferns (Cyathea sp., Alsiphila sp.) in the cloud forests. In addition are the pachiuva (Scrotea exorrhiza), acai (Euterpe precatoria) and several species of endemic orchids.

 

Wildlife: the richness of birds species described for Amboró Park exceeds 840, more than 60% of the total for Bolivia. This number is greater than the wealth of birds of many of the countries of the globe, as well as a wide variety of mammals and reptiles. The richness of reptiles is represented by 105 species, there has also been recorded 109 species of fish. For amphibians, 76 species have been identified and recorded more than 127 species of mammals, among which there are 43 species of bats. As for the fauna, are recorded over 1,200 species, there is a great diversity of mammal species, the spectacled bear or (Tremarctos ornatus), jaguar (Panthera onca), puma (Felis concolor), ocelot (Felis pardalis), other cats (Felis yagoaroundi, wiedii Felis, Felis geoffroyi, Felis tigrina), the bear flag (Myrmecophaga tridáctila), giant armadillo (Priodontes maximus), spider monkey (Ateles paniscus), otters (Lutra longicaudis) , the tapir (Tapirus terrestris), deer (Mazama americana, Mazama gouazoubira).

 

Local People: The area of direct influence of the Amboró Park, includes an approximate area of 10578.55 km2, covering the space between the two highways linking the cities of Cochabamba and Santa Cruz, which in this case are the Northern limits and South East towns of San Carlos, Buena Vista and Huaytú, west Cochabamba Departmental limit which in turn flows into the Carrasco National Park boundary. Amboro south park, the tourist population is closer to Samaipata, that is located in the Andean foothills at 1,670 meters above sea level, about 2.5 hours from the city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, its aproximadamete population is of 4000 people.

 

Tourism: Amboró Park has a great beauty by the mountainous terrain, deep canyons and valleys, rushing rivers and waterfalls. It is characterized by a great diversity of mountain ecosystems wet. In the south outer buffer zone are the archaeological ruins of Samaipata (Fort Samaipata) and pictographs of Tunal and surrounding the area are picturesque towns as Samaipata, Comarapa and Buena Vista. There is a wide range of places and tourist services, such as: Siberia (unique cloud forest floristic diversity and ideal for bird watching), The Waterfall Mucuñucú of 40 mts. high, Ichilo drawers, Saguayo (where you can see a variety of animals, birds and orchids), The Chonta (ideal for bird watching), The Yunga Mairana or "giant fern forest" Mataracú, Laguna Verde, Villa Amboró, Garden of Delights, Volcanoes, of great beauty and promoted by local communities.

 

How to get to Amboró Park: The park is surrounded by the south and north by two major highways, both joining the cities of Cochabamba and Santa Cruz. Of these pathways emerge several secondary roads that allow an income without much difficulty to the Park. In the north, the main access is by Buena Vista, Santa Fe or Yapacaní, along the new road Cochabamba - Santa Cruz, and you can also access by multiple paths gauge (Espejitos, Saguayo, peach Macuñucu) and Yapacaní riiver during the rainy season. In the South Zone may be entering several villages along the old road Cochabamba - Santa Cruz (El Torno, Samaipata, Mairana, Pampa Grande, Mataral and Comarapa). There are public transport departures from Santa Cruz to the town of Samaipata, where there are a variety of transportation options to the southern part of Amboró Park.


 

Source: SERNAP http://www.sernap.gob.bo

 

 

 


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